Poverty is a global problem and eradicating it is of key importance (United Nations Department of Economic and Global Affairs). It is the single largest determinant of health (World Health Organization). Twelve percent of the population of Canada live in relative income poverty, and 33% would be at risk of falling into poverty if they had to forgo three months of income (OECD, 2020).
For women and gender-diverse people, poverty is caused by unique factors and leads to unique outcomes. It’s grounded in sexism, gender-based discrimination, and other interrelated forms of discrimination and barriers. Women and gender-diverse people face high risks of poverty due to systemic barriers to work and the realities of low-paying, precarious jobs. Poverty, economic instability, and income insecurity has a direct impact on quality of life, safety, well-being, and access to basic human needs like food, housing, and healthcare, as well as the ability to care for dependents.
According to the Low Income Measure, 10% of women in Canada live on low incomes (Statistics Canada, 2022). Those who face multiple barriers are at higher risk of poverty, including racialized women, women with disabilities, and single mothers.
Last Update: April 6, 2022